Traditional hunting, gathering, and fishing would have supported the population around the Crystal River site, which archaeologists believe to have been an important regional ceremonial center. Since we have no historic accounts from this period, we have no tribal name; we have no way of knowing what the people called themselves. We only know about them from what they left behind, such as the mounds, their burials, and their grave goods. Instead of a tribal name, archaeologists refer to them as a Weedon Island culture. This means that their cultural practices (such as mound building and how they buried their dead) and artifact types (pottery, arrow points, jewelry) are similar to other peoples on the Central Gulf Coast of Florida during this same period. 200 A.D. to 800 A.D.

The complex burial practices identified at Crystal River are also similar to those found at other mound sites in the Southeast and the Midwest. This is evidence of a belief system that was shared across a wide geographic area. Elaborate grave goods, some of which are fashioned from materials, such as copper, not native to Florida, are further evidence of exchange networks that extended as far as Ohio and Illinois.

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